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Optional spell-out and split ergativity in Avar

Доклад Павла Руднева на научном семинаре лингвистической лаборатории

Руднев Павел Владимирович

Международная лаборатория языковой конвергенции: Ведущий научный сотрудник

This paper develops an analysis of the so-called biabsolutiveconstruction in Avar as an instance of an optional TAM-based split inalignment, whereby both the A and O arguments of a transitive clausereceive unmarked case instead of A receiving ergative marking. Iconsider earlier work by Forker (2012) and Ganenkov (2017) appealingto additional structure as the source of the split in alignment inseveral East Caucasian languages, which I reject on empirical andconceptual grounds. I show that the Avar biabsolutive constructioninvolves no added structure in comparison with its ergativecounterpart and argue that the differences between them in agreementand case marking are best accounted for by a combination of aconfigurational view of case and a dynamic approach to syntacticlocality.